WHAT IS WELL-BEING?
Well-being is commonly defined not only as the absence of illnesses and negative conditions, it also includes a prevalence of positive attributes. In this vast research area, well-being has been defined in many ways, such as: Having a preponderance of positive emotions (e.g., happiness) and a relatively lesser degree of negative emotions (e.g., sadness, fear); Living a life that is meaningful and in accordance with one’s values; Being able to sustain independent living and contribute productively to society; Having the skills and resilience to deal with challenges and setbacks; Having satisfaction with various important areas of life, including physical health, job status, relationships and finance; Having basic needs for food, shelter and safety fulfilled; Having psychological needs for autonomy, meaningful relationships, and a sense of competency met; Having strong relational ties with people and actively contribute to civic activities.
In sum, well-being is a complex human condition that encompasses more than one of the above descriptions. Multidimensional models of well-being have been developed to capture a more comprehensive understanding of well-being. This simply means that the concept of well-being can be understood by a combination of different factors instead of one sole definition.